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Letter from Lhasa, number 293. Grillo’s A Riveder le Stelle

Letter from Lhasa, number 293. Grillo’s A Riveder le Stelle

by Roberto Abraham Scaruffi

Grillo, B., A Riveder le Stelle. Come seppellire i partiti e tirar fuori l’Italia dal pantano, Rizzoli, Milano, Italy, 2010.

(Grillo 2010).

Beppe Grillo

This book is a kind of articulated political manifesto of the Grillo’s political party, M5S [the Four Stars Movement], realized extracting Grillo’s posts from his blog, http://www.beppegrillo.it/. It is well written, although demagogical and politologically weak, confused. 

(Grillo 2010) represents Italian politicians as waiters of the parasitic-mafiosa economy, and as created from media, from their lies. ...Politicians as representation... For it, judiciary should have supremacy over politics, the Parliament should be without convicted people, traditional politicians and journalists should be fired and the US military bases should be expulsed from the Italic territory.  

“Il programma parla di energia, di trasporti, di mobilità, di Wi-Fi libero e gratuito, di accesso alla Rete, abbiamo grandi cose sulla raccolta differenziata dei rifiuti porta a porta: un sacco di proposte, le idee del futuro. Potremo decidere noi se fare le centrali nucleari, noi e non degli zombie che sono lì a decidere sulla nostra qualità della vita e su quella dei nostri figli!” (Grillo 2010, p. 8)

This represents a kind of statu nascenti of a movement full of illusions. Actually, the Grillo movement has already overcome the phase of the statu nascenti. The statu nascenti is only simulated from the Grillo-Casaleggio staff for image/propaganda reasons.

So, they dream a political party, without bureaucracy, headquarters, statutes, treasurers, party funds, party functionaries, formal leaders, basically a libertarian movement however well sectarian and verbally violent when dealing with dissenters. On the other side, no movement without a centre could actually exist. The command centre of the M5S is in the dictatorial hands of the Grillo-Casaleggio staff.  

They claim they want to liquidate ‘the [political-institutional] caste’, to limit the parliamentary mandate to two legislatures, not to allow inquired and convicted citizens to parliament, to fight MPs’ absenteeism. At the same time, slave of regime stereotypes and previous political-demagogic initiatives, they declare they like the horrible (institutionally weak), confuse and prolix Italian formal Constitution. They do not want a Constitution allowing a real government and a real parliament. They dream a total change with institutions do not allowing any change...

A ‘clean parliament’ is not better that a ‘dirty’ one. All parliaments are representative of something and somebody. Party have always decided who ought to be elected. Intraparty competition rewards only the most corrupted politicians because they have more funds and supports for their personal campaigning. So, intraparty competition is not a guarantee of anything. That MPs be present at parliamentary works is guarantee of nothing if a parliament is without any power, what is the case of the Italian parliament, what ignorance and demagogy cannot catch and denounce.   

For (Grillo 2010), to suppress provinces would bring to save about 11 billion per year, even more firing at least part of its employees. (Grillo 2010) becomes suddenly soft about firing bureaucrats, despite they largely be inefficient and useless. Equally it advocated the reduction of the number of communes, a part of which is really too small. Despite something be made in this direction (reduction of the number of provinces and communes) from the Monti government, actually to remove useless and harmful bureaucracies is continuing to be an impossible mission in Italy.

First, it would be necessary to introduce a British-style flexibility, where it is possible to rapidly fire, as well as to rapidly hire if necessary, masses of public employees. Without that, State apparatuses will remain out of control, whoever got the formal political power.

In Italy, the whole demagogy against “the caste” [politicians] has been created from real power centres for protecting bureaucratic and private corruption, wastes, predations. Politicians and Statesmen/women are stigmatized while bureaucratic corruption and wastes, costing thousands times more, are simply passed under silence.

For instance, to serve, in whatever elective position, only a maximum of two terms, as in the M5S program, would have the consequence of letting more politically uncontrolled, than nowadays they already are, omnipotent, inefficient, corrupted, predatory public bureaucracies. If a MPs or a local administrator cannot be in office for more than 10 years, why should a public employee? In Italy, for simulating better controlling bureaucracies, authorities have even been created, ...but it is a real mystery what they actually do. They are just additional costly and corrupted useless bureaucracies.

The bureaucratic question would be the real Italic (as well of many other States and countries) question. Bureaucracies, as well as private predatory oligarchies, are destroying Italy and there is nothing to do. Even ‘new’ movements as the Grillo’s one simply avoid the question.

In (Grillo 2010), there is a lot of other proposals, all reasonable, as referenda without quorum, financial cover for whatever new law, publicity about legislative and public life and possibility for citizens to intervene with their points of view, in practice, extension of forms of direct democracy on the model, for instance, of http://www.data.gov/ . However, democracy by itself has never solved questions of development-underdevelopment. Without dealing with the basic questions of the Italic underdevelopment and underdevelopmentalism, no real change and improvement will be actually possible.

Of course, also other (Grillo 2010) proposals and denunciations are absolutely reasonable and appropriate. It would be necessary to invert agriculture decline, while the world needs more food, and favouring local products would create more consumer quality at cheaper prices. Italy is without any real social assistance, and it would be appropriate to create it. There are now continuous initiatives for destroying whatever free enterprise, overall those favouring consumers. It would be necessary a more universal health service covering everybody, illegal foreigners included. Clean energy and various techniques of energy saving would be more than appropriate, overall in Italy where there is a relevant even electric power deficit. Decaying education and the phenomenon of researchers preferring to remain abroad should be reversed. Internet should be free for everybody, while Italy has now a backward position even relatively to high-speed internet. To extend the web/internet is to extend the potential access to information. It is right to say “No!” to the car society and to exasperate mobility, while IT could avoid part of the moving from place to place. It is true that it is anti-historical to incentive cars. Public transportation should be efficient for being a real substitute of private transportation. The Val di Susa (Italy-France) TAV [high-speed rail] is a clear waste imposed, against whatever evidence and forecast, from predatory oligarchies only anxious to speculate on a very costly, although useless, public work. All that while commuters daily commute in miserable conditions, use they private or public transportations. It is true that Italian journalists be a prostituted caste. It is only that Grillo has illusions on foreign ones: nowhere there are independent media.

Since nothing works, for (Grillo 2010), “No!” is not anymore sufficient. One should learn to say: “Yes, fuck off!” ...It would be useful if there were a real movement with some strong idea and the possibility to change reality, what there is not. The Grillo’s movement is not such.

History shows that the course of underdeveloping and underdevelopmental States/countries can only be reversed through State demolition and rebuilding and that this can be realized only from developmental oligarchies. ...Not by useless and imaginary popular ‘revolutions’ [always an ex-post making sense of senseless or not understood events] but by revolutions from the top. Simply, such oligarchies there are not in Italy, and no German or ‘EU’ oligarchy has any other interest than working for the further marginalization of the Latin area, which will be accomplished with the open sinking of France, already structural inferior to the Germanic and Nordic areas although presented, for image reasons, as with the same status than Germany, what economically has not. On the other side, the already realized marginalization of Italy and other States/countries could not be reversed leaving the euro area.

Only developmental oligarchies can create developmental courses. In Italy, there are not and there is no symptom they could ever emerge.    

For (Grillo 2010), the financial and banking system has largely contributed to the deindustrialization and economic decaying of Italy. Is it sure that public debt, and its permanence and increase relatively to the 100% GNP of the last Andreotti government, despite the claims of new eras and destruction of the supposed terrible partitocracy, be not a more basic factor?

Anyway an uncontrolled financial and banking sector is only the consequence of bureaucratic corruption and inefficiency, and of a State out of control, what the 1992-93 judicial assault, the Mediobanca-led Great Purge (exalted from Grillo and his M5S), has only worsened. In (Grillo 2010), one may find the usual demagogy on the white knights descending from the immaculate skies of the judiciary, as in a corrupted and decaying country it would be possible a courageous and independent judiciary. Such assertions are simply fantasies of desperate and self-deceiving people.

Anyway, with a public debt around 125-130% GNP, it is clear that the banking systems earns more buying public debt bills than risking financing companies, apart, of course, predatory oligarchy’s companies. What finally destroys whatever sane productive system. At the base of these pathologies there is the dogma of a public debt which, on the contrary, should be rapidly reimbursed. ...But nobody worries about that...

The book finally describes the progresses and projects of the Beppe Grillo political movement. The M5S is presented as a kind of peaceful revolutionary movement wishing to pose itself as a radical alternative to various current policies (while not worrying too much about other ones as oppressive and predatory bureaucracies and oligarchies) and wanting to change everybody life.

Actually, the Grillo’s bubble is not a radical alternative to anything, although it will not be worse of the existing political personnel. As typical of whatever new movement, it is creating the illusion of an innovative political force while, as already happened previously in similar cases, once in Parliament it will be used for the needs of the Quirinale comprador dictatorship (with its Carabinieri Secret Police with annexed judiciary) is devastating Italy since the 1992 (Capaci massacre) Mediobanca comprador coup d’État. Under the so-called partitocracy, it was not necessarily better, although there were differences at various levels and the political and institutional personnel, despite it was qualitatively miserable as later, was less subordinated to predatory oligarchies.

Function of the 1992-93 Great Purge was precisely to liquidate non-buyable politicians. There was a replay just emerged Berlusconi representing in some way the same relatively independence of the then just purged ‘first republic’ politicians and Statesmen/women. Whatever his personal interests, or the origins of his capitals, Berlusconi was strongly fought from the Mediobanca and bureaucratic coup d’État bloc because he was lived as, and he objectively was, the coagulator of a political personnel not totally buyable from the predatory bloc, that political personnel that bloc hoped to have totally liquidated by the 1992-93 Great Purge, when Mediobanca protected and promoted the political personnel on its payrolls.  

Moralist-judicialist demagogy simulates that those who take illegal financing, sometimes also for personal profit, from private interests be devils while those totally prostituted to bureaucratic and private predatory oligarchies be saints. Ethically, institutionally and politically there are various differences. Politicians extorting companies are different from politicians at payroll of companies. From this point of view, for instance, Craxi was an honest Statesman while Prodi a corrupted one distributing large amounts of public funds to private oligarchies. From a managerial point of view, apart from the Prodi propensity to distribute large amount of public money and companies to his friends of the predatory oligarchies, they were both disgustingly inept. Of course, brainwashed people believe in ‘judicial evidence’ ...made up from Carabinieri Secret Police corps, with annexed judiciary, at Quirinale-Mediobanca orders. The Grillo movement belongs to this category of brainwashed people. It has a logic absolutely internal to the Italic predatory system, despite his relevant quantity of clever proposals. ...Whatever political party has programs full of good ideas....      

New supposedly antagonist and remedial movements are just illusions eventually only favouring further bureaucratic and private oligarchies predations. More politics is weak, more bucreucratic and private predations can develop more freely. However the Italic problem is not even this one.

Was and is ‘strong’ a politics prospering on illegal financing while ‘weak’ a politics equally prospering on illegal financing but judicially and mediatically covered because making gift of massive amounts of public funds and companies to the usual private and bureaucratic oligarchies? While politicians are, once in office, de facto hostages of bureaucratic and private powers, the distinction between a priori strong and a priori weak politicians becomes a scholastic distinction. When Prodi (with lefts’ and trade union support) made gift of the Alfa Romeo to the Agnellis, also a reluctant Craxi (then head of the formal government) was obliged to submit to the Agnellis-Mediobanca will. It was different on the SME case, where the Prodi’s gifts to his predatory friends [CDB-Mediobanca] were successfully hampered.

What anyway did not change the ineluctable course of the Italic marginalization. DC-PCI-PSI-“laics”-etc finally always agreed on the common devastation of Italy. Idem those who replaced them after the 1992-93 Great Purge. Both ‘strong’ and ‘weak’ politicians always found and are finding common grounds in full harmony with predatory oligarchies!

The same Berlusconi, object of a constant assault and obstructions from the Quirinale real government, always observed the law of silence about that, for trying minimizing his personal damages, accusing imaginary communist plots of assaulting and obstructing him and his governments. Actually, not differently from the left’s bloc, he always included, inside his majority, minority forces constantly blackmailing and blocking, also from the inside, its governments.

Concretely, what finally are political differences, differences about intentions? ...Now Italy will have the Grillo’s intentions too.    

Italy is without any hope to reverse its marginalization. Any illusion will only produce more depression in people minds and spirits. The alternative?! Simply, there is no alternative.  

Grillo, B., A Riveder le Stelle. Come seppellire i partiti e tirar fuori l’Italia dal pantano, Rizzoli, Milano, Italy, 2010.

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Atualizado em: Dom 18 Nov 2012

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